Emergency Preparedness Patch Program

Troop 2702's answer to the call of the Girl Scout Motto to "Be Prepared"
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Emergency Preparedness Patch


Requirements

Daisy (2 starred and 2 other activities)
Brownie (2 starred and 3 other activities)
Junior (2 starred and 4 other activities)
Cadette (2 starred and 5 other activities)

 Note: If you are earning this badge and are not a member of Troop 2702, complete the badge requirements, file a badge affidavit for yourself or your Troop, and request patches from Troop 2702 Leadership.


*1. Name the Emergency. Give Scouts a piece of paper or a Post-It note. Have Scout write an emergency on the paper. Have each Scout read her emergency aloud and have Troop classify the emergencies creating their own categories. Discuss the types of emergencies and how they are similar and different. 

*2. Emergency 101. Girls should fill out the Emergency Preparedness crossword (word list). Review the answers. 

3. Who Do Ya Call? Put up signs identifying the following emergency related agencies: Emergency Managers, Firefighters, EMTs, Public Health Officials, Public Works Officials. Read an emergency situation and let Scouts choose which agency or organization would handle that type of emergency. Learn about the different government workers who help your community prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies. 

3. Emergency Contact Card. Create an emergency contact card for yourself. Use the following information for a family communication card. It needs to include a family meeting place (outside of the home), a family meeting place (outside of the neighborhood), and emergency contact and phone #, an out of town contact and phone #, and any other important information (allergies, medical conditions, etc.)

4. Decontamination Relay. It’s important to know what to do if something harmful gets into the air or onto your skin. Examples of things that could cause damage include chemicals, poisons or high doses of energy waves called radiation. If something is in the air, cover you mouth and nose with a cloth to avoid breathing in the bad substance, don’t eat or drink food or liquids that have been out in the open (food in sealed packages or cans should be safe, but wash the container first). And if it’s in the air, it will be on your skin and clothes. The best way to get a harmful substance off your skin is to take a shower. But remember, since the harmful substance will also be on your clothes, you will need to
seal your clothes in a plastic bag and put the bag where others will not touch it. If you used a cloth to cover your mouth, you should put that in the bag too. If something happens to cause widespread contamination, such as a chemical spill or a

dirty bomb (an explosion that contains radioactive material), authorities may set up special decontamination areas, which include portable showers and bags to seal your clothes.
Play this relay race game to get an idea of how a wash station might work during a mass decontamination, and to think about how to take a really thorough shower at home. Although this game is fun and will move quickly, remember that if you are in a
situation where decontamination is required, you should focus on thoroughness, not speed.
Supplies:
• four extra large button-up shirts
• four pieces of costume jewelry –
necklace or bracelet recommended
• two stuffed animals
• two large trash bags, or trash cans with lids
• two hula hoops – to create a shower
• two washcloths
Divide the girls into two equal teams, and assign each team a monitor who will be stationed at the Wash Down area. Have the two teams stand next to each other on the same side of the open area. Have one girl from each team put on one shirt (over her
clothes) and jewelry. She will carry the stuffed animal with her. Across the open area from the teams, set a washcloth, second shirt, jewelry, a trash bag or can, and a hula hoop. Tell the girls that there has been a chemical contamination and they need to quickly take off their contaminated clothing and wash their bodies. Yell “Contamination! Don’t delay!” to start the game. Girls wearing the “contaminated” clothing will run across the Contamination Zone (open area) to the Wash Down Area (area with hula hoop, shirt, jewelry and trash bag). When they get to the Wash Down Area, they are to stand in the hula hoop which
represents a shower and take off the “contaminated” clothing and jewelry. In a real
decontamination situation, clothes would be cut off to avoid contaminated material touching their faces but girls can simulate that by being careful not to touch their faces.
They should:
• throw the “dirty” items away in the trash container
• clean themselves and the stuffed animal pet in the shower (for at least 10-20
seconds)
• put on the clean items
Once they and their pets are clean and dressed in clean clothes, they should run back to her teammates. When a girl makes it back to the starting point she should remove her “clean” clothes and jewelry, handing them and the pet to the next girl in line who then runs to the Wash Down Area. This is done until every girl has practiced decontamination. The team who gets everyone decontaminated the quickest wins. After the relay, ask the girls what they learned from the experience. Be sure to ask the following questions: Why is it important to get clean clothes and wash their skin if there is a chance of exposure to dangerous gas or contaminants? Why should you seal contaminated items in a garbage bag or container and keep it far away from where you are? Encourage the girls to ask their local health department or fire department if they have decontamination strategies in place for their community. Where would decontamination shelters be located? If you find that your community does not have strategies or shelters, talk about alternative locations to remove contaminants and shelter.

5. Human Seismometer. Though we do not always feel them, earthquakes occur everyday. They can be caused
by the shifting of underground tectonic plates. A seismograph is a tool scientists use to monitor and record earth movement. A pen is used to mark lines on a piece of paper; the calmer the earth’s movements, the smoother the lines. Have girls research the effect of earthquakes. Bring in before and after pictures of a site hit by an earthquake (or look
at photos in the kit).
Supplies for the Seismometer model:
• rocking chair
• pen or marker
• roll of paper on a dowel

Have one girl sit in the rocking chair with the pen. She should extend her arm out forward and hold the pen in a fist with the point facing down. A second girl should stand next to the girl in the chair (she will be facing sideways) and hold the paper with a fist on either side of the dowel. A third girl will hold the loose end of the paper. The paper should be perpendicular from the girl in the chair. Have the girl in the chair press the pen lightly on the paper’s surface. A fourth girl should push or pull the back of the rocking chair. The rocking motion will simulate an earthquake. As the girl in the chair moves, have the girl holding the free
end of the paper begin to walk backward at a steady pace, pulling the sheet of paper underneath the pen. Once the girl in the chair stops moving, have the girls come back together and look at what was recorded on the paper. This is called a seismogram, the graph output of a seismometer, an instrument that measures and records motions of the ground. Today, practically all seismograms are recorded digitally to make analysis by computer easier. The lines on the paper indicate the strength of the earthquake. The taller the peaks and the lower the valleys are, the more the earth moved, or in this case, the more the rocking chair moved.

6. Emergency Telephone. How do you learn important information during a disaster? Television, radio, internet?
What happens if the power goes out? No matter how you find out your information, it is important to stay calm and listen carefully. Battery operated or crank powered radios are essential for finding out necessary information during an emergency.
Play the game “Telephone.” Girls should sit in a circle. Come up with emergency phrases. Examples: “If the fire alarm goes off, meet in the playground area to the left of the school.” Or, “If there is a chemical spill quickly decontaminate by finding a location to remove dirty clothing and shower.” Think of other statements that might apply to your group. Whisper the emergency statement to the first girl. She should then whisper the message she heard to the girl next to her and so on. Do not repeat the phrase if someone could not hear. The last girl says the message aloud. Was the final message similar or different to what was originally said? What does this show? Why is it important to listen carefully when being told directions in case of an
emergency? Have the girls make posters or flyers detailing their community alert and warning system to help inform others what to do in case of an emergency. Check if your community has a Web site, TV or radio station that they use to update emergency information.       

7. JELLO Germs Germs are bacteria or viruses easily transferred from person to person. They can lead to something as harmless as the sniffles or something more serious such as a pandemic flu. It is important for everyone to understand that hand washing is important at all times, but especially during medical emergencies. Supplies: • small amount of vegetable oil
• Jello powder in a Ziploc bag (may be helpful to have different colored Jello to represent different germs)
• water and a tray for each girl (optional) Sometimes emergency situations can come from things we cannot see. Ask the girls
what they already know about germs. What do germs look like? What can happen if germs get inside your body? How do germs get from one person or object to another? Choose two or three girls to start off with the Jello Germs. Rub vegetable oil on their hands. Have each girls stick their hand in a Ziploc bag of Jello powder. Girls can use different Jello powder colors to represent different germs. For one minute, all of the girls should go around shaking hands with one another. Afterwards, give each girl a tray with about ½” of water. Have girls put their hands flat in their tray. If any colors show in the water they have “germs” on their hands. (If you don’t have the supplies to hand out water, just have the girls reflect on how sticky their hands are. If their hands are sticky with Jello, they have germs.) How many girls had germs? What does this mean about spreading germs? Are girls surprised at how easy it was to catch germs from their friends? 


8. Family Communication Families may not be together when disaster strikes. Plan how girls will contact their
family and review what they should do in different situations. Discuss the information they need to include and why. Every family should have a designated meeting place just outside the home, in case you have to evacuate
the house quickly because it will be important to make sure everyone is out safely and accounted for. You should also pick a place to meet that is outside of your neighborhood in case something happens when you are outside of your home, like at
school, and you can’t get home. This should be someplace easy to get to, like a store or a community building.
Have the troop make a sample family plan. What information should be included? Where should they go? What should they do? Each girl should get a lined 3x5” index card and decorate the blank side. This will be her Family Communication Card.On the side with lines, each girl should print their emergency contact information. Is there anything else they think is important to
include? Doctor information, allergies, etc? If possible, laminate the cards. See sample card on next page. The girls should make a Family Communication Card for every member of their family and an extra one to put by the home phone. Each girl should keep her card in her wallet or school bag. (Girls who have cell phones should enter their emergency contact number as ICE (in case of emergency) in their cell phones. ICE is a recognized listing and anyone can call that number if something happens.) Remind girls that even with cell phones, it is important to have numbers written down in case the cell phone battery
runs out.

9. Wired and Prepared. Participate in any two of the following additonal online activities and resources:

10. Specially Prepared. Learn about the considerations for emergency preparedness for kids with special needs. How would different emergencies be handled for a child with a physical disability, an emotional disability, a visual disability, an auditory disability, a mental disability, a neurobiological disability, or a severe chronic condition or illness? (Resource site Emergency Preparedness for Families)

Additional Resources for this Patch Program

FEMA Freebies

Disaster Preparedness Coloring Book
You can get posters, videos and other fun things for free. Here is the information on the freebies and how to order them! Read the ordering information carefully. The items cannot be ordered on-line.
    • You can order these items FREE from FEMA:

    • 9-0999 FA 295 Mary & Jett's Activity Book
    • 0-0064 FEMA 522 (Ages 4-7) Disaster Preparedness Activity Book
    • 0-0065 FEMA 523 (Ages 8-11) Disaster Preparedness Activity Book
    • 9-1984 FEMA 475 Preparing for Disaster.
    • 5-0200 Door Knob Hanger: Fire Safety.

      Call 1-800-480-2520 or
      Write to:
      FEMA
      P.O. Box 2012
      Jessup MD 20794-2012

FEMA items cannot be shipped outside of the U.S.


You can order FREE items from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Write to:
USGS Information Services
Box 25286
Denver, CO 80225

Telephone 1-888-ASK-USGS (1-888-275-8747)
http://www.usgs.gov


You can order these items FREE from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service:

  • Booklet: Owlie Skywarn - Watch Out Storms Ahead!: A weather booklet with five sections covering tornadoes, lightning, floods, winter storms and hurricanes. Sections include fun facts, quizzes and pages that can be colored. You can download the entire booklet or just the sections you want at: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures.shtml Or write to the address below and ask for NOAA/PA 200451.
  • Map: Atlantic Hurricane Tracking Map - Download this map at:
    http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures.shtml Or write to the address below and ask for NOAA/PA 96071.

Write to:
NOAA Outreach Unit
Customer Service Core
1305 East West Highway
SSMC 4 - Room 1W514
Silver Spring, MD 20910

or email: [email protected]

ACTUAL PATCH (SEW OUT)

Copyright Troop 2702
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Updated 06/18/11
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